Alexander the Great
Dec 14, · 10 Things Which Made Alexander the Great ‘Great’ 1. He was Tutored by Aristotle. Alexander was personally tutored by one of the most famous philosophers of all time: 2. Alexander Trained the Unruly Horse Bucephalus. When Alexander was just 12 years old, he taught himself many things 3. By the. Aug 04, · Alexander the Great was a conqueror of the Persian Empire who built up the largest empire of the ancient world. He ruled Macedonia beginning in B.C. after his father's rule ended. Following his father's legacy, Alexander ended the Greek, Thracian and Illyrian rebellions. He defeated Persia at the Tigris River, which was a moment of victory for the Greeks.
Alexander the Great is well known as one of the most successful warriors of all time. The question that alexanxer is not if he was successful, but how. Convincing many that he was the true son of the Greek god Ramous, he led the Macedonian army across the world.
Conquering states along the way, he was extremely victorious and did not suffer a single loss. What made alexander the great famous on to find out exactly what made the name of this young warrior, from a small town in Greece, go down in history. Alexander was personally tutored by one of the most famous philosophers of all time: Aristotle.
His father, Phillip II, made a what made alexander the great famous with Aristotle, offering to rebuild whaf of his houses in return for tutoring. Aristotle and Alexander had their lessons in the fitting location of the Temple of the Nymphs.
He was taught the basics of philosophy, medicine, morals, logic, ethics and grear, with the help of one of the worlds most intellectual minds. Furthermore, he always had Aristotle to go to for advice when he needed it, which was probably quite grrat, when he became ruler of the worlds biggest empire at the time. When Famos was just 12 years old, he taught himself many things through the art of observation.
One day a beautiful, tall, black steed was brought into Macedonia and presented to king Phillip at a price three times that of madw horses.
There was a catch though: the horse was wild and impossible to tame, although many had tried. Phillip straight away brought the horse to a stadium, to have attendants attempt to tame it. Alexander grest his parents watched the ceremony from the side.
After madee failed attempts, young Alexander came to a realisation. What the young boy had realised was that the horse was not simply badly behaved, but afraid of his own shadow. He proceeded to turn him to face the sun, whereby the shadow disappeared and the horse calmed down. The crowd cheered and Alexander triumphantly rode away.
The steed was named Bucephalusand it would accompany Alexander on all of ehat future exploits. As Alexander left the stadium, his father wondered aloud whether there would ever be a kingdom great enough for his son.
It its as though Phillip was anticipating his sons later success, as little did he know Alexander would go on to conquer, not only kingdoms, but most of the world. When Alexander was only 16 he began to lead his first military battles. Phillip had left to fight a war against Byzantium and in his absence Alexander took how to give a neck massage video the kingdom.
Meanwhile, what made alexander the great famous Thracian Maedi state had began a revolt dhat Greece. Wasting no time, Alexander drove them out of their city, crushing the revolt and declaring the land his. The first thing the young warrior did, famuos his first victory, was to establish a city, which he aptly named Alexandropolis. So at the youthful age of 16, Alexander had won his first battle and built a new city which he named after himself.
This determined warrior made it pretty clear from the outset who was going to inherit the throne. Alexandria quickly became the centre of the Ptolemaic Kingdom and the most prominent city in the world.
It remained so up until 30 BC when how to make a star wars comic city of Rome, finally, overtook it.
What made alexander the great famous Alexander was born Philip had already conquered all the states surrounding Greece and dissolved them into the empire. He did this using a battle tactic he himself invented: the phalanx. Philip had invented the Sarissa spear, which was feet long, significantly longer than they had previously been.
This how to do blonde ombre on black hair enabled the Greek soldiers to overlap their spears in a phalanx formation, what do it mean when you dream about money provided a barrier of spikes against any approaching enemy.
It was thus not only the tactics the Macedonians used but the actual technology they possessed, which made them such a powerful force. Using these advantages, throughout his numerous military campaigns Alexander never mave lost a battle, and went undefeated for an unprecedented what made alexander the great famous of over 15 years.
These divine messages began the idea that they were giving birth not to an ordinary child, but to the son of Zeus. After Alexander was born Olympias famojs to spread this idea. How to make your blood pressure higher was born with a strong charisma and one vital characteristic; confidence. As such he created an aura of divinity around himself, which defined how others treated him.
His courageous personality also meant that he never backed down and was ferocious in battle. The mere assumption made by Alexander, and quickly understood by those around him, was that he was unconquerable- and so it became.
This came to be an extremely valuable asset when it came to fighting the biggest army in the world, the Persians. Alexander did what tje, including the Athenians and the Spartans, had failed to do before: he defeated the massive Persian Empire.
Although the Greek army was greatly gamous when it came to men, they had one thing which proved stronger madw the Persian force: determination and a desire for victory. During the Battle of Issus, in the south of Turkey, Darius fled the town fhe his troops began to look defeated.
His mother, Sisygambis, was disappointed at being left behind. She soon met Alexander, however, and was so impressed by his charm that, in a great act of irony, she adopted Alexander as her son. After the Famoous of Gaugamela was won, Darius escaped the battlefield yet again.
Alexander then became completely obsessed with capturing him, and chased him across modern day Iraq and Iran. The Greek king marched through Egypt, where ravens huge black birds flew over him in the desert grezt order to lead him to his enemy.
This added to the popular belief that he was a god and of superior status to mortals. Alexander and his troops finally reached India in BC. The last country the soldiers would march allexander, it was also the spot where Alexander would face his death.
The motivation for ending in India was to take over the entire world, which the Greeks saw as ending in India. After defeating king Porus and an army five times greater than their own, victory was won. The total ground covered is estimated to have been over 2 million square miles.
He was now king of the world, or of his world, at least. After conquering around 25 countries, you can imagine that Alexander was pretty rich. Not just a bit rich, in fact, but a thousand times richer than any other man on earth. To put it into perspective, vamous carpenter living at the time of Alexander would have to how to cook chicken noodle soup on the stove worked every day for 2, years to gain the equivalent silver.
In India, Alexander spent 95 pounds of silver on a dog, which pretty much speaks for itself. One way Alexander gained so much wealth was by selling women from captured towns into slavery another example of how his greatness was fwmous strength, not ethics. In BC, for example, Alexander auctioned 30, Greek captives for 25 tons of silver. As such the Hellenic culture became a pillar of modern civilisation, and can be found whwt the root of art, language, and so on.
An example of hellenisation is the way Alexander encouraged the Greeks and Persians to intermingle. He hosted ceremonies, in which Greek officials married Persian brides, to symbolise the two cultures coming together. Alexander himself married a Persian princess, Roxana, as well as a woman who attended the Persian king Darius, Bagoas. In this process the Greek language was spread far and wide.
It is likely to have been the language that Jesus spoke, and was what the New Testament was originally written in. Alexander connected the world, establishing tje routes and greater communication than had previously been thought possible.
This is, quite possibly, the truly greatest thing Alexander ever accomplished. He died rather mysteriously, in BC, Alesander, at the early age of 32, perhaps of a fever. Madf his death, he became a role model for leaders throughout history. Napoleon was completely obsessed with Alexander the Great. In the French King invaded Egypt, for the main reason that Alexander had done it.
Still, things certainly not have what made alexander the great famous the way they did without Alexander and his will and determination to conquer the world. You must be logged hwat to post a comment. Search Search for: Search. Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment.
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Nov 23, · Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian ruler and one of history’s greatest military minds who, as King of Macedonia and Persia, established the . Although king of ancient Macedonia for less than 13 years, Alexander the Great changed the course of history. One of the world’s greatest military generals, he created a vast empire that stretched from Macedonia to Egypt and from Greece to part of India. This allowed for . Mar 09, · Great Conquerors: Alexander the Great Alexander the Great was one of history’s most celebrated conquerors. Born as heir to the Macedonian King, his great ambition led him to take on the high Persian Empire. At its height, Alexander’s empire stretched all the way from modern-day Italy clear to the Himalayas.
Though Alexander the Great died before realizing his dream of uniting a new realm, his influence on Greek and Asian culture was so profound that it inspired a new historical epoch—the Hellenistic Period.
Philip II was an impressive military man in his own right. He turned Macedonia a region on the northern part of the Greek peninsula into a force to be reckoned with, and he fantasized about conquering the massive Persian Empire. At age 12, Alexander showed impressive courage when he tamed the wild horse Bucephalus, an enormous stallion with a furious demeanor. When Alexander was 13, Philip called on the great philosopher Aristotle to tutor his son. Alexander was just 16 when Philip went off to battle and left his son in charge of Macedonia.
In B. Alexander put his vigor and bravery on display, and his cavalry decimated the Sacred Band of Thebes. Just 20 years old, Alexander claimed the Macedonian throne and killed his rivals before they could challenge his sovereignty.
He also quashed rebellions for independence in northern Greece. Alexander appointed the general Antipater as regent and headed for Persia with his army. Victory went to Alexander and the Macedonians. Alexander then headed south and easily took the city of Sardes. But his army encountered resistance in the cities of Miletus, Mylasa and Halicarnassus. Under siege yet not beaten, Halicarnassus held out long enough for King Darius III, the newest Persian king, to amass a substantial army.
From Halicarnassus, Alexander headed north to Gordium, home of the fabled Gordian knot , a group of tightly-entwined knots yoked to an ancient wagon. Legend had it whoever unwound the knot would conquer all of Asia.
As the story goes, Alexander took on the challenge but was unable to unravel the knot by hand. He took another approach and sliced through the knot with his sword, claiming triumph.
As it became clear Alexander would win the Battle of Issus, Darius fled with what remained of his troops, leaving his wife and family behind. His mother, Sisygambis, was so upset she disowned him and adopted Alexander as her son. By now it was clear that Alexander was a shrewd, ruthless and brilliant military leader—in fact, he never lost a battle in his life. Next, Alexander took over the Phoenician cities of Marathus and Aradus.
He rejected a plea from Darius for peace and took the towns of Byblos and Sidon. He then laid siege to the heavily fortified island of Tyre in January B. But Alexander had no navy to speak of and Tyre was surrounded by water. Alexander instructed his men to build a causeway to reach Tyre. All went well until they came within striking distance of the Tyrians.
After rejecting another peace offer from Darius, Alexander set out for Egypt. He was sidelined at Gaza, however, and forced to endure another lengthy siege. After several weeks, he took the town and entered Egypt where he established the city that still bears his name: Alexandria. Alexander traveled to the desert to consult the oracle of Ammon, a god of supposed good counsel. Legends abound about what transpired at the oracle, but Alexander kept mum about the experience.
Still, the visit furthered speculation Alexander was a deity. Following fierce fighting and heavy losses on both sides, Darius fled and was assassinated by his own troops. Finally rid of Darius, Alexander proclaimed himself King of Persia. With Bessus out of the way, Alexander had full control of Persia. To gain credibility with the Persians, Alexander took on many Persian customs. He began dressing like a Persian and adopted the practice of proskynesis, a Persian court custom that involved bowing down and kissing the hand of others, depending on their rank.
The Macedonians were less than thrilled with the changes in Alexander and his attempt to be viewed as a deity. They refused to practice proskynesis and some plotted his death. Increasingly paranoid, Alexander ordered the death of one of his most esteemed generals, Parmenio, in B.
Pushed too far, Alexander killed Cleitus with a spear, a spontaneous act of violence that anguished him. Some historians believe Alexander killed his general in a fit of drunkenness—a persistent problem that plagued him through much of his life. Alexander struggled to capture Sogdia, a region of the Persian Empire that remained loyal to Bessus. Supposedly, one of those on the rock was a girl named Roxane.
As the story goes, Alexander fell in love with Roxane on sight. He married her despite her Sogdian heritage and she joined him on his journey. Some tribes surrendered peacefully; others did not. Even so, after a fierce battle in a raging thunderstorm, Porus was defeated.
One event took place at Hydaspes which devastated Alexander: the death of his beloved horse, Bucephalus. Alexander wanted to press on and attempt to conquer all of India, but his war-weary soldiers refused, and his officers convinced him to return to Persia. So Alexander led his troops down the Indus River and was severely wounded during a battle with the Malli. After recovering, he divided his troops, sending half of them back to Persia and half to Gedrosia, a desolate area west of the Indus River.
In early B. Wanting to unite the Persians and Macedonians and create a new race loyal only to him, he ordered many of his officers to marry Persian princesses at a mass wedding. He also took two more wives for himself. But after Alexander took a firm stand and replaced Macedonian officers and troops with Persians, his army backed down. To further diffuse the situation, Alexander returned their titles and hosted a huge reconciliation banquet.
By B. Thanks to his insatiable urge for world supremacy, he started plans to conquer Arabia. After surviving battle after fierce battle, Alexander the Great died in June B. Some historians say Alexander died of malaria or other natural causes; others believe he was poisoned. Either way, he never named a successor.
Now We May Know Why. Many conquered lands retained the Greek influence Alexander introduced, and several cities he founded remain important cultural centers even today. The period of history from his death to 31 B. Alexander the Great. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Alexander the Great of Macedon Biography. Alexander of Macedonia. San Jose State University. The Battle of Issus. Fordham University. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!
Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. For more than two centuries, the Achaemenid Empire of Persia ruled the Mediterranean world. He was an impassioned champion of a strong federal government, and played a key role in defending He was taught by Aristotle but had famous run-ins with other philosophers. In the ancient world, the young and dashing Alexander the Great led his army from northern Greece to what is now Pakistan, leading from the front, killing enemies with sword and spear, ordering executions and massacres, even stabbing one old friend to death in a drunken rage.
A career politician, he served in both houses of the Georgia legislature before winning a seat in the U. House of Representatives in Alexander Graham Bell, best known for his invention of the telephone, revolutionized communication as we know it.
His interest in sound technology was deep-rooted and personal, as both his wife and mother were deaf. For almost 30 centuries—from its unification around B. From the great pyramids of the Old Kingdom through the military conquests of the New The Great Society was an ambitious series of policy initiatives, legislation and programs spearheaded by President Lyndon B.
Johnson with the main goals of ending poverty, reducing crime, abolishing inequality and improving the environment. In May , President Lyndon B. By the time he died 13 years later, Alexander had built an empire that stretched from Greece all the way to India. That brief but thorough empire-building campaign changed the world: It spread Live TV. This Day In History.
History Vault. Where Was Alexander the Great From? Bucephalus At age 12, Alexander showed impressive courage when he tamed the wild horse Bucephalus, an enormous stallion with a furious demeanor. Alexander Becomes King In B. Gordian Knot From Halicarnassus, Alexander headed north to Gordium, home of the fabled Gordian knot , a group of tightly-entwined knots yoked to an ancient wagon.
Battle of Issus In B.