What is a file in c programming

what is a file in c programming

How to Write to File in C?

A file is nothing but space in a memory where data is stored. To create a file in a 'C' program following syntax is used, FILE *fp; fp = fopen ("file_name", "mode"); In the above syntax, the file is a data structure which is defined in the standard library. fopen is a standard function which is used to open a file. C File Examples. 1. C program to read name and marks of n number of students and store them in a file. 2. C program to read name and marks of n number of students from and store them in a file. If the file previously exits, add the information to the file. 3. C program to write all the members of an array of structures to a file using fwrite.

When a programs output or some of the variables has to be un to a storage filf on file system, the data has to be written to a file. In this tutorial, we shall learn how to write data to a file using some of the builtin functions of C programming language. The fprintf is used to write formatted output to stream. It is used os write a set of characters into a how to download cod 5. This is the C string that contains the text to be written to the stream.

It can optionally contain format tags,that are replaced by the values specified in subsequent additional what is a file in c programming. The fputs writes the string pointed to by str to the stream pointed to by stream. On successful completion ,it returns 0 else How to say new in french. The fgetc function will write byte specified by c to the output stream pointed to by stream.

On successful completion, fputc will return the value it has written, else EOF character will be returned. The fwrite function is used to write data can contain multiple characters and multiple lines to a file. In this example, we will write an array to a file. The below code snippet writes an integer array to a file. In this example, we will write structure to a file.

To write a C structure to a file, use fwrite. In this C Tutorialwe have learnt how to write variables or char array or stream of data into a file using different function available in C programming with examples. C Programming. C Ternary Operator. C Reverse String.

C String Length. C Compare Strings. C Write to File. C Delete File. C Concatenate Files.

Why files are needed?

The.c files are source files which will be compiled. The.h files are used to expose the API of a program to either other part of that program or other program is you are creating a library. For example, the program PizzaDelivery could have 1.c file with the main program, and 1.c file with utility functions. C – Write to File. When a programs output or some of the variables has to be saved to a storage location on file system, the data has to be written to a file. In this tutorial, we shall learn how to write data to a file using some of the builtin functions of C programming language. The following functions are used to write data into the file.

In this tutorial, you will learn about file handling in C. Text files are the normal. You can easily create text files using any simple text editors such as Notepad. When you open those files, you'll see all the contents within the file as plain text. You can easily edit or delete the contents. They take minimum effort to maintain, are easily readable, and provide the least security and takes bigger storage space.

They can hold a higher amount of data, are not readable easily, and provides better security than text files. When working with files, you need to declare a pointer of type file. This declaration is needed for communication between the file and the program. Opening a file is performed using the fopen function defined in the stdio. For reading and writing to a text file, we use the functions fprintf and fscanf.

They are just the file versions of printf and scanf. The only difference is that fprint and fscanf expects a pointer to the structure FILE. After you compile and run this program, you can see a text file program. When you open the file, you can see the integer you entered. This program reads the integer present in the program. If you successfully created the file from Example 1 , running this program will get you the integer you entered.

Other functions like fgetchar , fputc etc. Functions fread and fwrite are used for reading from and writing to a file on the disk respectively in case of binary files. To write into a binary file, you need to use the fwrite function. The functions take four arguments:. We declare a structure threeNum with three numbers - n1, n2 and n3 , and define it in the main function as num. The first parameter takes the address of num and the second parameter takes the size of the structure threeNum.

Since we're only inserting one instance of num , the third parameter is 1. Function fread also take 4 arguments similar to the fwrite function as above. In this program, you read the same file program. If you have many records inside a file and need to access a record at a specific position, you need to loop through all the records before it to get the record.

This will waste a lot of memory and operation time. An easier way to get to the required data can be achieved using fseek. The first parameter stream is the pointer to the file. The second parameter is the position of the record to be found, and the third parameter specifies the location where the offset starts. This program will start reading the records from the file program. Course Index Explore Programiz. Popular Tutorials Data Types in C. C for Loop. Arrays in C Programming.

Pointers in C. Find roots of a quadratic equation. Print Pyramids and Patterns. Check prime number. Print the Fibonacci series. Reference Materials string. Start Learning C. Explore C Examples. Join our newsletter for the latest updates. This is required. Table of Contents Why files? C File Handling In this tutorial, you will learn about file handling in C. A file is a container in computer storage devices used for storing data.

Why files are needed? When a program is terminated, the entire data is lost. Storing in a file will preserve your data even if the program terminates. If you have to enter a large number of data, it will take a lot of time to enter them all.

However, if you have a file containing all the data, you can easily access the contents of the file using a few commands in C. You can easily move your data from one computer to another without any changes. Types of Files When dealing with files, there are two types of files you should know about: Text files Binary files 1. Text files Text files are the normal. Binary files Binary files are mostly the.

Instead of storing data in plain text, they store it in the binary form 0's and 1's. File Operations In C, you can perform four major operations on files, either text or binary: Creating a new file Opening an existing file Closing a file Reading from and writing information to a file Working with files When working with files, you need to declare a pointer of type file.

The first function creates a new file named newprogram. The writing mode allows you to create and edit overwrite the contents of the file. Now let's suppose the second binary file oldprogram. The second function opens the existing file for reading in binary mode 'rb'. The reading mode only allows you to read the file, you cannot write into the file. If the file does not exist, fopen returns NULL.

If the file exists, its contents are overwritten. If the file does not exist, it will be created. Data is added to the end of the file. Closing a file is performed using the fclose function. Reading and writing to a text file For reading and writing to a text file, we use the functions fprintf and fscanf. Previous Tutorial:. Next Tutorial:. Share on:. Was this article helpful? Sorry about that. How can we improve it? Leave this field blank. Related Tutorials. C Tutorial C Files Examples.

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5 thoughts on “What is a file in c programming

  1. Now that would an interesting idea that I could get behind. But they dont have one at the moment.

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