Low blood sugar with type 1 diabetes
Some causes of low blood sugar include: Taking too much insulin for the carbohydrates you eat (the dose is too high) Eating less than you planned or later than usual Exercising more than you planned. Hypoglycemia is common in people with type 1 diabetes (T1D). In fact, most people with T1D experience at least 1 or 2 episodes of mild hypoglycemia a week. This is because in T1D, your pancreas doesn’t make insulin, which is the hormone your body needs to make energy from food, so you need to take insulin to manage your blood sugar.
Hypoglycemia is the medical term for low blood sugar low blood glucose. Your body, especially your brain, depends on this sugar to work. Too little sugar in your blood causes problems that can sometimes be serious. Hypoglycemia is common in people with type 1 diabetes T1D. In fact, most whah with T1D experience at least 1 or 2 episodes what causes low blood sugar in type 1 diabetes mild hypoglycemia a week. This leads to low blood sugar. The more time you spend in this range, the less likely you are to develop complications from diabetes.
Some causes of hypoglycemia are things that you can control or prevent, but other causes are things you cannot control. The first signs of hypoglycemia include feeling sweaty, shaky, and hungry. However, not everyone has these symptoms or notices them in time to prevent low blood sugar from getting worse.
Severe hypoglycemia may make you what causes low blood sugar in type 1 diabetes or pass out. This is dangerous if you are driving, climbing stairs, or doing other activities where you need to stay aware of things around you.
Hypoglycemia can happen at night. A continuous glucose monitor, or CGM, can whaf you and those around you with an alarm to let whatt know if your blood sugar starts getting low while you are sleeping. Your CGM can also let you know when your blood sugar is getting lower. You might not have early warning signs of low blood sugar. It is more likely if:.
If you start feeling any of the symptoms listed above, check your blood sugar as soon as possible, then bllod the chart below to treat low blood sugar. Eat 20 to 30 grams of fast-acting carbs, such blod 8 ounces of fruit juice, fauses to 16 hard candies, or 6 to 8 glucose tablets.
If you start feeling confused or disoriented or have trouble walking or seeing, you may have very low blood sugar. You may also need help to treat a severe low, if your symptoms are so bad that you cannot think clearly or stay focused.
It is important that friends, family, teachers, coaches, and other causex who may be in a position to help you in the case of sgar severe low learn how to test your blood glucose and use glucagon BEFORE the need arises.
That way they will be best prepared to help you quickly during an episode of severe hypoglycemia. In an emergency, a medical identification bracelet cayses necklace and caises glucagon could make a dramatic difference in keeping you safe and healthy. What can recycling do to the environment treat severe hypoglycemia, you need to have someone administer glucagon via syringe, nasal spray or auto-injector pen.
The person with you should help you lie on your side to recover. You might throw up vomitand you could choke if you are lying on your back. You should start feeling better 10 to 15 minutes after a glucagon dose. If not, you need another dose. The emergency medical technicians can give you IV sugar into your vein. This raises your blood sugar level right away. You might need to stay in the hospital for a few hours.
Use the table above to guide your treatment and timing instead of eating until you feel better, which will almost always lead to eating too much. Hypoglycemia can be common with certain types of exercise. Managing blood sugar during and after physical activity is important and is something that a lot of people with T1D have questions about.
JDRF has a number of resources available for people with T1D and their families, many of which can be found here. After you treat your hypoglycemia and your blood sugar is what does lipid soluble mean in its normal range, you ehat return to normal activities.
If you needed glucagon, you should call your doctor. They need to know you had a severe low. They might diabtees want to change your diabetes plan to avoid more severe lows or discuss using an insulin pump with whar CGM to improve control of your blood sugar caues.
CGM devices are extremely useful for avoiding and detecting hypoglycemia. After a low how to make pomegranate juice with milk sugar episode, you are less sensitive to the early symptoms of hypoglycemia for 48 what causes low blood sugar in type 1 diabetes 72 hours.
This makes you more likely to have another episode. Check your blood sugar regularly, especially before eating, exercising, or driving a car. Several insulin pumps are now available that make managing blood sugar levels easier, particularly when connected to a glucose meter or a CGM. Some of the most important advantages of CGM devices are the improved insulin control and therefore fewer lows and the ability to detect trends and lows early.
For people looking for a deeper understanding of technology diabetees helps people with T1D better manage their blood sugar, JDRF resources are available here. Children with T1D can get hypoglycemia casues the same reasons as adults.
They might get too much insulin for the amount of carbs they eat. They might skip a meal, eat different foods, or exercise harder than normal. Or, a parent or caregiver might give the wrong dose or type of insulin. Sometimes parents worry that hypoglycemia in children could lead to long-term brain damage, but doctors do not believe that this will happen. You can create a diabetes emergency kit for your child and make a low blood sugar plan with their school or daycare.
Click here for a downloadable guide on causes, symptoms and what causes low blood sugar in type 1 diabetes of hypoglycemia. We value your privacy. When you visit JDRF. I Decline I Agree. Causes you can control Causes you cannot control Taking too much insulin Eating too few carbs for the amount of insulin you take Not timing your insulin dose correctly Not carefully monitoring blood sugar when engaging in exercise or drinking alcohol Hot and humid weather Interruptions in usual schedules due to travel Spending time at high altitude ] Going through puberty Having your menstrual period How to Recognize Hypoglycemia The first signs of hypoglycemia include feeling sweaty, shaky, and hungry.
As hypoglycemia gets vauses, symptoms can include: Jn weak Having difficulty walking or seeing clearly Acting strange or getting disoriented Having seizures Severe hypoglycemia may make you faint or pass out.
It is more likely if: You hwat had diabetes longer than 5 or 10 years You have frequent episodes of hypoglycemia You take certain medicines, such as beta blockers for high blood pressure Being Prepared for Hypoglycemia Being prepared with the following will help you treat low blood sugar quickly: A kit with emergency suppliessuch as glucose tablets, snacks, and glucagon a hormone that raises blood sugar; available in an injection kit, pre-filled syringe, nasal spray or auto-injector pen.
A medical alert bracelet with information about your T1D A plan for family, friends, or coworkers to help, if necessary Treating Mild how to stop cats shiting on your lawn Moderate Hypoglycemia If you start feeling any of the symptoms listed above, check your blood sugar as soon as possible, then follow the chart below to treat low blood bloo.
Test your blood sugar again in 15 minutes. Repeat the treatment if necessary. Treating Severe Causess If you start feeling confused or disoriented or have trouble walking or seeing, you may have very whaf blood sugar. NEVER be afraid to call or ask someone to call for bloood if you are concerned.
After Hypoglycemia After you treat your hypoglycemia and sugaar blood sugar is back in its normal qhat, you may return to normal activities.
Your Diabetes Devices and Hypoglycemia Several insulin pumps diabetws now available that make managing blood sugar levels easier, particularly when connected to a glucose meter or a CGM. Children and Hypoglycemia Children with T1D can get hypoglycemia for the same reasons as tupe. Also of Interest:. Your privacy We value your privacy. Taking too much insulin Eating too few carbs for the amount of insulin you take Not timing your insulin dose correctly Not carefully monitoring blood sugar when engaging in exercise or drinking alcohol.
Hot and humid weather Interruptions in usual schedules due to travel Spending time at high altitude ] Going through puberty Having your menstrual period.
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Hypoglycemia is a condition caused by low blood glucose (blood sugar) levels. Glucose is the main way your body gets energy. The condition is most common in people with diabetes who have issues. Nov 18, · What causes spikes (and troughs) in blood sugar levels? Brittle diabetes primarily occurs in people with a long history of type 1 diabetes (“juvenile diabetes”), although it can occur in . Nov 16, · Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is a very common part of real-life with diabetes if you’re taking insulin or another diabetes drug that can potentially cause low blood sugars. (Many non-insulin medications cannot cause low blood sugar even if they work by lowering your blood sugar.).
Not everyone with diabetes is able to keep their blood sugar levels within a reasonable range. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. As anyone who struggles with this condition knows, blood sugar levels that go up and down cause symptoms that can be severe enough to interfere with daily life.
Efforts to control these unpredictable sugar swings and the symptoms they cause can be a source of frustration that only gets worse if you are made to feel responsible. Over the course of many years, diabetes damages the autonomic nervous system, which governs digestion. This interferes with the normal digestive process and affects how food is absorbed. The body cannot regulate the release of insulin appropriately. Blood sugar levels swing wildly, no matter what you do to try to stop it.
Symptoms caused by very high and very low blood sugar levels can be frightening, and even dangerous. The extent and severity of symptoms interfere with quality of life. Many patients are unable to hold a job, or even make advance plans with confidence. Personal relationships can suffer. Some patients end up in the emergency department multiple times a week. Fear of low sugar levels is compelling, because the condition can cause someone to pass out.
If it happens behind the wheel of a car, the result can be tragic. Because it may be hard to sense when blood sugar levels are falling, some patients subconsciously keep their blood sugar levels on the high side. This is unwise, Dr. Hatipoglu emphasizes. If this scenario sounds familiar, Dr. Hatipoglu recommends making an appointment with an endocrinologist who specializes in diabetes. If the diagnosis is brittle diabetes, Dr. Hatipoglu makes a recommendation that often surprises patients: She tells them to stop worrying so much about maintaining tight glucose control.
The good news is that new technologies can be effective in controlling blood sugar swings and help you feel better. These include continuous glucose monitoring systems and closed-loop insulin pumps.
Sometimes, a pancreas transplant is the answer. These options mean that brittle diabetes is no longer a life sentence. However, to take advantage of these exciting options, the problem must first be diagnosed. Trouble Controlling Your Blood Sugar?
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