Iron deficiency anaemia
Iron-deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia that occurs if you do not have enough iron in your body. People with mild or moderate iron-deficiency anemia may not have any signs or symptoms. More severe iron-deficiency anemia may cause fatigue or tiredness, shortness of breath, or chest pain. Feb 27, · Iron deficiency anemia is when your body doesn’t have enough red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. Every organ and tissue in .
However, there are more consequences of iron deficiency that are worth knowing. If you think you may be consuming less iron, we recommend paying attention to the following symptoms. Among its many functions, iron allows hemoglobin to function correctly and provide oxygen to all cells. Furthermore, since iron is found in small quantities in our body, we must obtain it through food with a balanced and varied diet.
In addition, iron also participates in many chemical reactions and is vital in the production and release of energy. You can get a blood test to find out whether you have an iron deficiency. According to Chemocare, the values must be as follows :. If you have several of these symptoms, you must consult a doctor and get a blood test:.
Regardless of how many hours you sleep or the times you rest during the day, you always feel lethargic and lack strength. This weakness or fatigue may be caused by a what are the effects of iron deficiency anemia of iron.
Hence, less vitality and extreme fatigue after completing low-impact activities may be related to iron deficiency according to this information the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in the USA. Iron deficiency has a direct impact on our emotional states. In addition, if we add fatigue to this, the consequences are understandable. They can range from problems with work performance, with your studies, or completing everyday tasks.
Furthermore, iron deficiency has a negative influence on memory and attention. You will need to work twice as hard at everything. When you have anemia, your skin might become paler or whiter than usual according to this study by Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo de Lima in Peru. You may also inhale faster and more frequently polypnea.
They may also experience ringing in their ears or suffer from lipodystrophies. If your nails break easily, are thin, or have white marks on them near the cuticle, it could be due what are the effects of iron deficiency anemia a lack of iron. In the case of hair loss, this is due to the blood reaching the head with little oxygenation. As you can see, there are how to solve special right triangles in geometry consequences of iron deficiency.
So, this is why you must know what to do if you think you lack it. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Guia breve sobre la Anemia. Changes, Healthy Lifestyle. Vaquero, R. New year's traditions around the world remind us that every beginning is sacred and eternal.
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All Motherhood Babies Children Pregnancy. All Lifestyle Did you know? Home » Did you know? Iron deficiency is a global problem. Read about iron-rich foods and lifestyle changes that will make you feel better in no time. Read more ». Link copied! Interesting Articles. Did you what size stove do i need for my house
About iron deficiency anaemia
Oct 15, · Diagnosing and treating iron deficiency anemia by yourself can result in adverse health effects due to too much iron in your blood. The complications from too much iron in Author: Jacquelyn Cafasso. Feb 14, · Iron deficiency anaemia rarely causes serious or long-term complications, although some people with the condition find it affects their daily life. Some common complications are outlined below. Tiredness. Iron deficiency anaemia can make you feel tired and lacking in energy (lethargic).
Iron deficiency anaemia is a condition where a lack of iron in the body leads to a reduction in the number of red blood cells. Iron is used to produce red blood cells, which help store and carry oxygen in the blood.
If you have fewer red blood cells than is normal, your organs and tissues won't get as much oxygen as they usually would. There are several different types of anaemia, and each one has a different cause. Iron deficiency anaemia is the most common type. Other types of anaemia can be caused by a lack of vitamin B12 or folate in the body — read more about vitamin B12 and folate deficiency anaemia.
Many people with iron deficiency anaemia only have a few symptoms. The severity of the symptoms largely depends on how quickly anaemia develops. You may notice symptoms immediately, or they may develop gradually if your anaemia is caused by a long-term problem, such as a stomach ulcer. See your GP if you experience symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia. They should be able to diagnose the condition using a simple blood test. Read more about diagnosing iron deficiency anaemia.
There are many things that can lead to a lack of iron in the body. In men and post-menopausal women, the most common cause is bleeding in the stomach and intestines. This can be caused by a stomach ulcer, stomach cancer , bowel cancer , or by taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs.
In women of reproductive age, heavy periods and pregnancy are the most common causes of iron deficiency anaemia as your body needs extra iron for your baby during pregnancy. Unless you're pregnant, it's rare for iron deficiency anaemia to be caused just by a lack of iron in your diet.
However, if you do lack dietary iron, it may mean you're more likely to develop anaemia than if you have one of the problems mentioned above. Read more about the causes of iron deficiency anaemia. Treatment for iron deficiency anaemia involves taking iron supplements to boost the low levels of iron in your body. This is usually effective, and the condition rarely causes long-term problems. You'll need to be monitored every few months to check the treatment is working and your iron levels have returned to normal.
The underlying cause will need to be treated so you don't get anaemia again. Increasing the amount of iron in your diet may also be recommended. Read more about treating iron deficiency anaemia. If iron deficiency anaemia is left untreated, it can make you more susceptible to illness and infection, as a lack of iron affects the body's natural defence system the immune system. Severe iron deficiency anaemia may increase your risk of developing complications that affect the heart or lungs, such as an abnormally fast heartbeat tachycardia or heart failure , where your heart is unable to pump enough blood around your body at the right pressure.
Pregnant women with severe or untreated anaemia also have a higher risk of complications before and after birth. Read more about the complications of iron deficiency anaemia. Iron deficiency anaemia occurs when the body doesn't have enough iron, leading to the decreased production of red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen around the body. A lack of iron can be caused by several factors. Some of the most common causes of iron deficiency anaemia are outlined below.
Usually, only women with heavy periods develop iron deficiency anaemia. If you have heavy bleeding over several consecutive menstrual cycles, it's known as menorrhagia.
This is because your body needs extra iron to ensure your baby has a sufficient blood supply and receives necessary oxygen and nutrients. Some pregnant women require an iron supplement, while others may need to increase the amount of iron in their diet. Read more about vitamins and minerals in pregnancy. The gastrointestinal tract is the part of the body responsible for digesting food.
It contains the stomach and intestines. Bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract is the most common cause of iron deficiency anaemia in men, as well as women who've experienced the menopause when monthly periods stop.
Most people with gastrointestinal bleeding don't notice any obvious blood in their stools and don't experience any changes in their bowel habits. If your GP thinks your medication is causing gastrointestinal bleeding, they can prescribe a less harmful medicine.
However, don't stop taking a medicine you've been prescribed unless your GP advises you to. The acid in your stomach, which helps your body digest food, can sometimes eat into your stomach lining. When this happens, the acid forms an open sore an ulcer. This is also known as a stomach ulcer or a peptic ulcer. Stomach ulcers can cause the stomach lining to bleed, which can lead to anaemia.
In some cases, the bleeding can cause you to vomit blood or pass blood in your stools. However, if the ulcer bleeds slowly, you may not have any symptoms. In a few cases, gastrointestinal bleeding can be caused by cancer, usually stomach cancer or bowel cancer. If your GP suspects cancer, you'll be referred to a gastroenterologist a specialist in treating digestive conditions for a more thorough examination.
This means that if cancer is found, it can be treated as quickly as possible. If you're 60 years old or over and have iron deficiency anaemia, your GP should refer you to a specialist to rule out bowel cancer. Your appointment with the specialist should be within two weeks of your GP referring you.
Gastrointestinal bleeding can also be caused by a condition called angiodysplasia. This is the result of abnormal, fragile superficial blood vessels in the gastrointestinal tract, which can cause bleeding. People with chronic kidney disease CKD often develop iron deficiency anaemia.
Most people with CKD who have iron deficiency anaemia will be given iron supplement injections, although daily tablets may be tried first. Other conditions or actions that cause blood loss and may lead to iron deficiency anaemia include:. Malabsorption is when your body can't absorb iron from food, and is another possible cause of iron deficiency anaemia. This may happen if you have coeliac disease , a common digestive condition where a person has an adverse reaction to gluten, or surgery to remove all or part of your stomach gastrectomy.
Unless you're pregnant, it's rare for iron deficiency anaemia to be caused solely by a lack of iron in your diet. However, a lack of dietary iron can increase your risk of developing anaemia if you also have any of the conditions mentioned above. Some studies suggest vegetarians or vegans are more at risk of iron deficiency anaemia because of the lack of meat in their diet.
If you are vegetarian or vegan, it is possible to gain enough iron by eating other types of food, such as:. If you're pregnant, you may need to increase the amount of iron-rich food you consume during pregnancy to help prevent iron deficiency anaemia. Read more about vegetarian and vegan diets. See your GP if you experience symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia , such as tiredness, shortness of breath and heart palpitations.
Your GP may also carry out a physical examination and ask you a number of questions to help determine the cause of your anaemia. To diagnose iron deficiency anaemia, a blood sample is taken from a vein in your arm and a full blood count is made.
This means all the different types of blood cells in the sample will be measured. Your GP may also test for a substance called ferritin, a protein that stores iron. If your ferritin levels are low, it means there isn't much iron stored in your body and you may have iron deficiency anaemia. Read more about blood tests.
If your GP thinks your anaemia may be the result of a vitamin B12 and folate deficiency, the levels of these substances may be tested. Folate works with vitamin B12 to help your body produce red blood cells. Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency anaemia is more common in people who are over the age of To determine the underlying cause of your anaemia, your GP may ask questions about your lifestyle and medical history.
For example, they may ask you about:. Iron deficiency anaemia is common during pregnancy. If you're pregnant, your GP will usually only look for an alternative cause if a blood test has identified a particularly low haemoglobin level, or if your symptoms or medical history suggest your anaemia may be caused by something else. A physical examination will usually only be needed if the cause of your iron anaemia deficiency hasn't been identified by examining your medical history and asking you about your symptoms.
A rectal examination is usually only needed if you're bleeding from your bottom. It's a common procedure that can help your GP find out if there's something in your gastrointestinal tract that's causing bleeding. A rectal examination isn't something to be embarrassed about, as it's a procedure your GP will be used to doing. It shouldn't cause significant pain, but it may cause some slight discomfort — this will only last for a minute. Women may have a pelvic examination if their GP thinks heavy menstrual bleeding menorrhagia may be the cause of their anaemia.
During a pelvic examination, your GP will examine your vulva and labia external sex organs for signs of bleeding or infection. They may also examine you internally. This will involve your GP inserting lubricated gloved fingers into your vagina to feel whether your womb uterus is tender or enlarged.
A pelvic examination won't be carried out without your consent permission , and you can choose to have someone with you. In some cases, your GP may refer you to a gastroenterologist, a specialist in treating digestive conditions. They'll carry out a more thorough examination. For example, you may be referred to a gastroenterologist if your GP can't identify a cause and you have a particularly low haemoglobin level, or if your GP thinks there's a possibility your symptoms could be caused by stomach cancer or bowel cancer , although this is unlikely.
If you're a woman with heavy periods, you may be referred to a gynaecologist if you don't respond to treatment with iron supplements. Treatment for iron deficiency anaemia usually involves taking iron supplements and changing your diet to increase your iron levels, as well as treating the underlying cause.
Your GP will prescribe an iron supplement to restore the iron missing from your body. The most commonly prescribed supplement is ferrous sulphate, which is taken as a tablet, usually twice a day.