What Are the Seven Landform Regions in Canada?
Landforms of Canada. Innuitian Mountains. The Innuitian Mountains is a region full of mountains and snow. They are situated in northern Nunavut. This landform region is Canadian Shield. Disasters in the Innuitian Mountains. Disasters in the Canadian Shield. Climate of the Innuitian Mountains. Lowlands Location: South of the Canadian Shield in Ontario and Quebec Smallest landform region in Canada Physical Description: Glaciers deposited a huge amount of soil, sand and gravel here, creating a landscape of flat plains. The great lakes are located in basins gouged out by the glaciers.
The most outstanding characteristic of the Shield is the similarity of the terrain, whether you are in Labrador, northern Quebec and Ontario, or the Northwest Territories. The Kazan Region is located in the northern part of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, and also covers parts of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. It consists of vast areas of massive rocks that form flat, broad, sloping uplands, plateaus and lowlands.
Figure 1 : Northwestern Manitoba - This photograph, taken in northwestern Manitoba, shows an aerial view of gravel ridges that mark the location of crevasses in the ice sheet that once covered the Canadian Shield.
Each ridge is about 3 metres high and 10 metres wide. Source: Geological Survey of Canada, photograph number Figure 2 : Boreal Forest, Northwestern Manitoba. This photograph, taken in northwestern Manitoba, shows how to get rid of virtumonde sci typical landscape of glaciated Shield terrain in the boreal forest.
Figure 3 : Lac de Gras, Northwest Territories. This photograph, taken north of Lac de Gras in the Northwest Territories, shows a typical glacial landscape in the Canadian Shield. The general aspect of its landscape is that of a broad, old erosion surface almost without surficial deposits. Viewed from an elevated location, the landscape presents an even horizon interrupted by rounded or flat-topped ranges of hills.
Along the eastern coast, the relief is generally high. The region is divided into a northern what are the 7 landform regions of canada part and a southern mainland part. Figure 4 : Torngat Mountains, Labrador. Figure 5 : Baffin Island, Nunavut. Source : Geological Survey of Canada, photograph number The James Region exhibits the characteristic features of the Shield that are apparent in major uplands and plateaus.
This region spreads from the centre of Manitoba to Labrador, lying south of the Hudson Region. Figure 7 : Rapide-Sept area, Quebec. This photograph shows large dunes in the Rapide-Sept area of Quebec.
The Laurentian Region comprises how to make a paper balloon water bomb and highlands that rise abruptly above the St.
Lawrence Lowlands along their northwestern border. It borders the St. In the background are rolling, glacially what are the 7 landform regions of canada hills of granite and gneiss, which are covered what are the 7 landform regions of canada a thin mantle of till.
In the foreground, Boreal spruce forest surrounds a lake excavated by the ice sheet during the last glaciation. Figure 9 : North Shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, How to start a recruiting agency. This is a photograph of St-Nicholas fjorda long, narrow inlet on the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which can be seen in the background. The inlet is a glacial valley that was created when the ice sheet flowed southeastward into the area now occupied by the Gulf of St.
The Hudson Bay Lowland is a low, swampy plain with subdued glacial features and a belt of raised beaches that how to get a death certificate online the Hudson Bay.
Figure 10 : Hudson Bay Lowland, Manitoba. This what are the 7 landform regions of canada, taken in the Hudson Bay Lowland of northern Manitoba, shows patterned ground north of the treeline in an area covered with peatland permafrost. The 'crackled' pattern is produced by ice wedges in the sphagnum peat. Shallow ponds, called thermokarst depressions, have formed at sites where ground ice has melted out.
Figure 11 : Attawapiskat River, Ontario. The Innuitian How to dress like zendaya and bella is characterized by two zones of mountains that are separated by extensive and discontinuous terrain of rome to paris by train how many hours subdued topography formed by plateaus, uplands and lowlands.
On central Axel Heiberg Island and northwestern Ellesmere Island, the mountains are nearly buried by ice sheets through which the peaks project as a row of nunataks. Between these two large mountainous zones lies the Eureka Upland. To the south are the Perry Plateau and the Sverdrup Lowlands, a region of low relief, rolling, and scarped lowland.
Figure 13 : Axel Heiberg Island, Nunavut. It is divided into three divisions, each of which has distinctive physiographic characteristics:. This photograph of Prince Patrick Island in the Northwest Territories shows beach lines in the foreground developed as the land rebounded from the sea in the last few thousand years following disappearance of the ice sheet from the region.
The beach sediments became cracked by permafrost. Figure 15 : Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories. This photograph, taken near Tuktoyaktuk in the Northwest Territories, shows two pingos, which are ice-cored mounds covered by soil. Pingos occur in permafrost terrain and are common in this area. These features along the coast are about 40 metres in height and protrude above a flat landscape lying between low uplands and the sea.
The surface of the Lancaster Plateau slopes gently southward from about metres on southern Ellesmere Island, across central Devon Island, to an average elevation of to metres on Somerset Island and the Brodeur Peninsula of northwestern Baffin Island.
The landscape is uniformed. Farther south, the surface descends still lower until it forms the surface of the Boothia Plain on both sides of the Gulf of Boothia. Surrounding Foxe Basin, the landscape of the Foxe Plain is low and smooth.
It forms a very shallow basin-like area on the old surface, partly covered by very shallow sea. Farther west, the Shaler Mountains rise through the Victoria Lowlands.
Figure 16 : Peninsula on Baffin Island, Nunavut. This photograph of Brodeur Peninsula, located on Baffin Island in Nunavut, shows a broad flat plateau that was eroded to near sea level before the glacial period. The deep river gorges were cut into it as it was lifted to its present level following the retreat of the ice sheet.
This photograph of Hall Beach, located on the Melville Peninsula in Nunavut, shows an expanse of low, even topography. Tundra meadows with shallow ponds, together with low, cobbly beach ridges in the foregroundare typical of many extensive parts of this region.
Figure 18 : Igloolik Island, Nunavut. This photograph, taken in late summer on Igloolik Island in Nunavut, shows low mounds on a raised beach on which the geologists are walking where sod-and-whalebone houses of the Thule aboriginal culture are located. The Interior Plains occupy the region between the Canadian Shield on the east and the mountains of the Cordillera on the west. They join with the Great Lakes - St. The southern part is characterized by semi-arid prairie, the central part is tree covered and the northern part is covered by the tundra.
The region is divided into several subdivisions, those in the north being smaller and more varied than those in the south. In the north, the Horton and Anderson Plains form the Arctic slope. The Peel Plain, which lies southwest of the Mackenzie River, forms a broad, shallow hollow in which some areas have innumerable small lakes and others have none.
On the east, the Colville Hills embrace several ridges that stand above the general level of the surrounding plains. In contrast, the Great Slave Plain has generally little relief. Located in the centre of the Interior Plains, the Alberta Plateau consists of a ring of plateaus separated by wide valleys. The two main valleys Fort Nelson and Peace River lowlands occupy more than 50 per cent of the area. These two rivers and their main tributaries are more or less entrenched into the valleys.
Although a continuation of the Alberta Plateau, it has a more even surface, with a few widely separated groups of low hills, such as Cypress Hills in the south. The Cypress Hills reach an elevation of more than metres. The eastern edge of the Alberta Plain forms a step down to Saskatchewan Plain, which is lower and smoother than the Alberta Plain. On the east, the Saskatchewan Plain is bordered by the Manitoba escarpmentoverlooking the Manitoba Plain.
Streams flowing eastward have deep cut valleys, which divide the Manitoba Plain into a line of separate hills. The Manitoba Plain is largely covered by lakes and includes most of Lake Winnipeg. Figure 19 :Athabasca River, Alberta. This photograph of the Athabasca River, taken near Whitecourt in central Alberta, shows the subdued landscape of the western plains in this part of Alberta.
Figure 20 : Peace River, British Columbia. This photograph shows the typical landscape of the Peace River valley in British Columbia.
Fort St. What jobs are in demand in the air force is in the background to the right, and homesteads can be seen along the river.
Figure 21 : Valley of Battle Creek, Saskatchewan. This photograph, which looks toward the northwest, was taken in the valley of Battle Creek in the vicinity of the Cypress Hills Plateau, southwestern Saskatchewan.
One of the three benches that lead up to the Cypress Hills Plateau can be seen on the left of the valley. The vegetation of brush and small trees is confined to a narrow strip along the creek. Visible in the distant background is the wooded crest of the Cypress Hills Plateau.
Figure 22 : Qu' Appelle Valley, Saskatchewan. This valley was carved into glacial sediments by meltwaters flowing from Alberta and Saskatchewan into glacial Lake Agassiz in southeastern Manitoba about 10 to 12 years ago. At this point, the width of the what are the 7 landform regions of canada averages 2.
Definitions of underlined terms
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Each area has relatively similar landforms and physical geography. Differences between these land areas are detected through satellite images.
The geology of southern Canada and permafrost in northern Canada dominate the landforms of the country. The Arctic Lands encompass roughly 26 percent of Canada. Combined with the Subarctic Lands, these regions comprise nearly 45 percent of the entire country. Glaciation formed much of these regions, which are mostly characterized by treeless tundra. The Cordillera comprises about 16 percent of Canada and includes the Rocky Mountains in the west. Appalachia is another mountainous region in eastern Canada that features hills, mountains and valleys along the Atlantic Continental Shelf.
Appalachia comprises approximately 3. This part of Canada was formed when glaciers retreated and left a hollowed-out Hudson Bay. The St. Lawrence Lowland largely follows the St. Lawrence River from its estuary to its headwaters.
The Interior Plains cover 18 percent of Canada. The plains are bounded by the Rocky Mountains to the west and reach as far north as the Arctic. The Canadian Shield is the largest physiographic region in Canada, making up 48 percent of the country including lakes and islands.
The vast saucer-shaped region features rich forest land. More From Reference. What Are the Different Departments of a Bank?