Tips for Cutting a Sewing Pattern
13 hours ago · The benefits of cutting your pattern pieces out of fabric that has been folded right sides together, is that you can cut out a pair at the same time e.g. a pair of sleeves. You can also cut out a pattern piece ‘on the fold’, where the centre front or back of the pattern piece is placed along the fold of the fabric. A simple test is to pinch 2 to 4 inches of fabric and stretch it out, measure the stretch, then do the same in the other (perpendicular) direction. Whatever stretches further for the same amount of fabric is the direction of greater stretch. Fabric, Lining, Interfacing – .
You have your pattern. You have your beautiful fabric and you want to get on with sewing it. I know that cutting is something you want to get over fast. But there is more to cutting than using the scissors to cut the fabric. That is, if you are really serious about sewing. Sloppy cutting will result in a sloppy garment. That is guaranteed. Get some basic knowledge of cutting and you are set to go. A professionally finished garment requires that you cut accurately and precisely.
A long pair of fabric scissors which is at least 8 inch long. There are basically two kinds of scissors how to cut a pattern out of fabric handled scissors which have an angled handle that lets you cut comfortably.
Then you have those scissors with a blunt point on the upper blade which prevents them from tearing the fabric. You also have plain and serrated blades.
Serrated blades are best to cut knit fabrics as well as slippery fabrics- they grip. Pinking scissors. These scissors give a nice zig-zag pattrn to the fabric edges and this will stop all raveling of the fabric threads.
There are some materials that you can cut with these scissors and use as it is like fleece and faux leather. Rotary Blade. If you are not familiar with this blade, just imagine a very sharp pizza cutter. The blades are available in different sizes. Unlike a pizza cutter which can frustrate you sometimes, this one is a super how to cut a pattern out of fabric cutting tool.
It gives you accurate cuts. You have to use it with a self healing mat. Be extra careful with these blades. They could run away with your fingers how to cut a pattern out of fabric you are not careful. Also, using this one with out a mat beneath the material you are cutting could ruin your cutting surface. A clean smooth edge is an advantage of using this cutter. Cutting through many layers of fabric with precision is a breeze with a rotary blade.
This kind of cutting is impossible with scissors. If you cut multiple layers of cloth regularly, a rotary cutter and a self healing mat are a good investment. Check out this post on the rotary cutting and the self healing mat to know what is the second fastest land animal in more how to cut a pattern out of fabric. All purpose How to prune alberta spruce. This is needed to cut your sewing patterns, trims, cords, cello tapes and whatever you use in your sewing.
A sturdy what do white spots on mri brain scan mean surface. You need a surface which is strong flat and which would not break your back. Check out this post on some sewing ergonomic tactics you can use to prevent sewing related injury when cutting and sewing.
You can use a special cutting mat — this will protect your cutting surface and gives you a place to pin the fabric so that it wouldnot move. I have a detailed post on 13 cutting tools you may want for sewing. Keep your cutting tools well maintained and sharp at all times for frustration-free cutting.
Checkout this post on sharpening your scissors. Ways of your fabric — Grainlines. Let us learn about how a fabric is constituted before learning how to cut it. A fabric is made of warp threads and weft threads woven in a pattern. Warp threads are found along the length and the weft threads along the width. All fabrics have grain lines that denote the length and width of the fabric. What we call the width of fabric has the unfinished edge of a fabric.
This edge frays and this is the what paint to use on melamine kitchen cabinets which we cut. The length of the fabric is the finished edge of the fabric. This edge on either side of the fabric is also called the selvedges or selvages.
Selvages usually have small perforated holes along the length. For printed fabric selvages are mostly plain. When sewing we usually cut fabric lengthwise, i. Partern threads are stronger. It is not stretchable in woven fabric. But o we cut fabric by the weft threads ie width wise also. This ckt usually done to save fabric or sometimes because the pattern calls for it.
When a fwbric calls for lengthwise cut it shows Straight grain ; Width wise is denoted as Off grain and Bias grain as Diagonal grain. The diagonal grain of the fabric produces the maximum stretch of the fabric. This is used to cut for fitted garments. The 45 angle cut is called the true bias. Checkout the best way to cut and sew fabric on the bias. The best use of diagonal cut of fabric is to make bias tapes which are used for biding, facing and piping. It is especially useful in curved areas like necklines, armholes and circular hems.
The amount of stretch of the diagonal cut varies with the type of fabric. You will not get the same stretch paattern a knit and a heavy cotton cloth. On a personal note I am irritated with my scissors? I have cut with it for a long time beautifully but nowadays it is giving ragged cuts. I suspect that my daughters have taken it to cut paper. Never ever cut paper or any non fabric with your fabric scissors.
Always maintain your scissor blades. Dull scissors can snag your lovely patter. Take it to your local blacksmith to sharpen it if you suspect that it is not as sharp as you want it. Having sharp scissors makes all the difference in your cutting.
Checkout this post on different ways og sharpen your scissors. You also do not want hand fatigue or soreness as a result of using the wrong scissors. The most basic scissors you need are fabric scissors, paper scissors, seam ripper and thread snips. A rotary cutter is optional but a nice addition. If you are a heavy user of cutting tools, ensure that you take enough breaks. Carpel tunnel syndrom is not unheard of among regular sewists and it is painful. Do you know that apart from the metal scissors blades we are familiar with, they come in nonstick nowadays, for effectively cutting duct tapes etc.
Fiskars even have scissors geared for z. Find the rightside of the fabric. For many knit fabrics this may not patterm important — most look the same on the back and front. But if you want to you can stretch it by the cross wise grain pattrn edges and it will curl to the right side of the fabric automatically. For a woven fabric the best way is to look at both the sides — the right sides usually have brighter colors, a special sheen etc.
On the selvedge you will find holes which are open on the wrong side. Prepare for cutting the fabric. Folding the fabric for cutting. Generally, the fabric is folded lengthwise matching the selvages. Sometimes you find that the pattern pieces are too wide to fit on the fabric which is folded lengthwise. That is when you fold the fabric Crosswise when the fabric is folded so that the cut ends the match. Double fold Here the selvages are brought to the middle.
Also used when you want to avoid the fold line which is present in the middle of fabric what does mds coordinator stand for which are mostly permanent. This fold line is especially evident in knit fabrics so a double fold is preferable when cutting knit fabric. Sometimes after repeated cuts from the fabric store, your fabric may come out with the edges not at all straight. Do not pull out your hair yet.
You can make it straight with some simple steps. I generally do off cut off the selvages. They anyway will be cut fabrid when you cut out the pattern pieces.
Layout the Fabric Correctly
Jul 25, · CUT IT OUT - How To Cut Fabric with a Pattern Like a Pro - For the Absolute Beginner SewistAfter you understand the warp and weft and how to prep your fabric. How to cut printed fabric. When you cut fabric pattern pieces from a printed and patterned fabric the intention should be to get seam joints that seem as if it is a continuity of the other pieces. ie. The lines and checks and even the patterns are preferably matched along the seams in a seamless fashion. Mar 21, · Cut a little snip in your fabric perpendicular to the selvage edge, and pull to rip the fabric off. This will straighten out your edges and help you find the grainline correctly. Fold your fabric in half by lining up your edges hot dog style with either right or wrong sides together.
You can lay out pattern pieces on fabric just as the pattern instructs and cut away the fabric and be ready to sew as fast as you want but I would like to slow your train down if that is the way you look at making a garment. Because a well-made garment is assured when the crafter methodically and carefully considers the small details before doing any of the fabric cutting. Until I learned and started paying attention to those details I noticed a drastic change in my finished project. What I learned is that when we cut out the fabric it is important that the grainline falls correctly throughout each pattern piece.
However, it is even more important to do the fabric preparation and correct fabric layout way before all of that. And so in this article, I will discuss fabric preparation to pattern preparation to pattern layout plus also how to lay out fabrics with nap. Getting the fabric prepared and laid out properly is key. When it comes to fabric prep the first and foremost thing for a sewer is to preshrink the fabric.
After washing and drying the fabric, I always give the fabric a good press just to even out any creases. So that it lays well flat for the project to begin.
When you lay down the fabric like this, have a look to see if the fabric lays well with the corners all squared up. I find that to be the case almost all the time. To do this with a cotton fabric all you do is with your scissors make a snip near the raw cut edge. Then pull the fabric piece ripping through to the end. What this will do is the fabric will rip away leaving the raw edge perfectly straight.
With fabrics other than cotton the way to straighten the fabric grain is that you make a snip with scissors. Hold that thread and pull it away from the fabric by gathering and pulling bit-by-bit until you reach the other end. Once that thread comes away from the fabric then you will find looking closely a prominent straight line.
This is the straight grain. After doing this if you still find that the corners are not squaring up then the next bet is to true the grain…. The reason for truing the fabric grain is so that when you lay out the fabric it should square up. To do this you may need someone to help you if the fabric is big for a single person to handle.
What you do is each take the opposite diagonal corners of the fabric and just tug at it. This can be repeated on the other corners as well. Then once again lay down the fabric folded lengthwise selvage to selvage. Hopefully this time the corners should square up. What you should get is a long folded piece of fabric with the wrong side of the fabric facing up towards you. With the selvage running on one side and a fold running opposite it. And the two raw edges on either end. With the corners squared up.
Just like getting the fabric prepared it is good practice likewise also to press out the pattern pieces. Just so we can get rid of the creases for the pattern to lay smooth and flat on the fabric so that we may achieve accurate results.
Now is also a good idea to separate the required pieces to sew the view of choice. This will save you from any possible confusions. I start off with the bigger pattern pieces.
Then I move to the pieces that have the straight arrow markings. This is known as the grainline marking. The grainline is the long straight arrow running down a pattern piece which directs you to place the pattern piece parallel to the selvage. To layout these pattern pieces this time you will need the assistance of a ruler and with each piece that is placed on to the fabric you measure from the top end of the arrow to the selvage and the same also for the bottom end of the arrow to the selvage.
The aim is to get the grainline marking perfectly parallel to the selvage and so for example, if the top end of the arrow measured 4 inches to the selvage then it should also measure 4 inches on the bottom end of the grainline marking.
My method of choice is the use of pattern weights. So, to pin down pattern pieces I would start by anchoring down the corners while running my free hand along to smooth the piece down flat. Just watch out to keep all the pins pinned on the inside of the pattern pieces so that when you come to cut the fabric that no pins get caught in the scissors. Anyway, this is a method of choice by many others too as you can actually buy pattern weights to hold down the pattern pieces.
Anything works as pattern weights! I use tuna cans and sardine cans from my kitchen cabinet- gets the job done! Trust me! To transfer the markings onto the fabric, you can do tailors tacks or use the dressmakers tracing paper. Pattern instructions may sometimes instruct you to lay out some of the pattern pieces down on to the fabric with, the printed side facing down on to the fabric. Any patterned fabric that has a direction, for example, fabric printed with trees. Likewise, any fabrics that have a pile, for example, velvet also have a direction.
Therefore you have to be sure to cut this fabric with the pile running in the same- one direction with all of the pattern pieces you cut out. So in the sewing world, any fabrics that have a direction like such are known as fabrics with Nap.
With that, you can expect to have made your first very own handmade garment in just a few days! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Skip to content Disclosure: This post may contain affiliate links, meaning, at no additional cost to you, I will earn a commission if you click through and make a purchase. Need further Help Getting Started with Sewing clothes?
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