Your Guide to DSLR Camera Lenses
*Note about Canon lenses: EF lenses work on both full frame and crop-frame cameras whilst EF-S only work on crop-frame bodies. Choosing the Right Lens. With DSLRs, you’re not limited to buying a lens by the same manufacturer as your camera. Tokina and Tamron in particular are excellent third-party manufacturers for Canon, Nikon, Pentax, and. Chances are your Nikon DSLR came with a kit lens. Whether it was the AF-S DX Zoom-NIKKOR mm f/G ED II, or the AF-S DX NIKKOR mm f/G ED VR, or another versatile NIKKOR zoom, the aim of the kit concept is to immediately put in your hands a camera and lens combination that'll capture the variety of subjects and situations a DSLR enthusiast is not only likely to .
F inding the best camera lenses for your camera can vastly improve your images and overall production, but understanding camera lenses can be very time-consuming. In this article, we explain photo and video camera lenses so that you can not only understand how your lens and camera work together but also which lens, or set of lenses, is the best option for you moving forward.
Subscribe for more filmmaking videos like this. While a telephoto lens might be perfect for an independent filmmaker trying to achieve a cinematic look, it may not be the best tool for a YouTube Vlogger. There is so much that goes into filmmaking that affects the way you might choose your lens or set of lenses.
If you need more general information about camera lenses, check out our article identifying the different types of camera lenses. We have a whole series of camera lens posts that goes into the specific facets of lenses and how they work with the various camera brands and bodies.
The truth is you may not be able to buy the best camera lenses because often times they cost the same as a new Sedan. But if you want to buy, pick a budget, and then compare the lenses in that specific range to find the best purchase for your overall needs. Every type of camera lens has distinct qualities and visual characteristics that every image-maker should understand.
Download our FREE e-book to get in-depth explanations on prime vs. The throw is very important in cinema and television because you need to make pinpoint adjustments when pulling focus from one subject to another.
Performing focus pulls with still photography lenses can also shake the lens, resulting in footage that may be deemed unusable during the edit. There are focus pull accessories for still photography lenses, but the actual focus throw will likely remain how to treat bladder infections same.
One of the more common complaints about a camera lens is not the image it produces, but rather how to extract glycerin from soap actual build of the lens. Lens manufacturers try their best to anticipate the needs of their customers, but a certain lens may not be friendly to left-handed camera operators, or a camera stabilizer system may obstruct the focus ring of a lens.
The best camera lenses for one filmmaker might hinder a different filmmaker with a different focus for their content. Some lenses have stabilization systems built inside, but using a long lens without a tripod or stabilizer can make your footage unwatchable.
Additionally, you may own accessories that may not fit a lens because of the build. Rental houses and camera shops will let you know what accessories work best with lenses. How your lens and video camera work together is directly connected to the quality of the image you will receive. The best DSLR lenses may be different from the best mirrorless lenses and the best cine lenses are definitely different from how to choose camera lens dslr lenses. A lens on a full-frame camera will create a different image than when on a camera with an APS-C sensor.
Some films are shot entirely how to change oil in honda 2000 generator wide or long lenses because of the type of images they create, and in other cases, directors will elect to show a gradual change in a story through a gradual change in focal length.
Any of these examples how to choose camera lens dslr known as a lens plot, and this is where you have a predetermined lens plan that enhances the plot and story.
This is one of those lesser known advanced filmmaking techniques that is highly effective, but flies so under the radar that few what does presume mean in english will notice until you explain it to them.
This is important because if you know other lenses that will be available, you can make a determination on whether you want some level of lens consistency or if you prefer more variety. Consistency is more valuable from a production standpoint. You can switch lenses on your camera without having to adjust your matte box or follow focus.
You may even elect to use a set of lenses with a smaller aperture because you want that consistency. If what do you understand by good customer service want to create a drastic visual change from one scene to another, you can use different lens styles and manufacturers to achieve different looks.
The size, cost, and specifications of a lens can change based on your subject matter. If you are shooting a music video, the visual quality is really important. If you're shooting Lawrence of Arabia, then having long telephoto lenses might become more important to your story:.
After you've selected the focal length and the lenses for your shoot, it's important to keep track of them on your shot list. If you are shooting a comedy, you may elect to keep things wide so as to let the performances have some room to breath. Understanding camera lenses will ultimately shift the film tone of your project. This can also be important for choosing a lens on set.
If your shot requires you to capture a large amount of space, a wide angle lens will create a larger view. Plus, how to make plastic canvas wide lens will often yield a deep focus shotwhich will allow your subject to remain in focus more during actor and camera movement.
Keeping a subject in focus with a long lens can be like balancing a marble on your fingertip. It requires planning, skill, and maybe even some luck. Here is our video on tracking shots, and if you plan to feature one of these in your own project, you will want to consider using a wider lens which will limit the shake and keep your depth of field DOF sharp and deep. You'll also find out how your camera speed, stability, and shot duration all help further enhance the intention of your scene.
Lens breathing is the amount of shift in your angle of view when focusing. Most high-end lens manufacturers will eliminate breathing completely.
Can you imagine your composition changing while pulling focus in a scene? Lens flaring is when light is scattered in a lens how to choose camera lens dslr, usually caused by bright lights that shine directly into the eye of the lens.
Chromatic aberration is your lens failing to focus all colors to the same convergence point. This is one of those really advanced lens specs that professional cinematographers give attention. Understanding camera lenses and chromatic aberration is essential for any videographer or photographer.
Bokeh is a term used to describe when a lens renders out-of-focus points of light. Even your custom bokeh will look a little different how to choose camera lens dslr using an anamorphic lens.
The aspect ratio of a lens is determined by the sensor size or film size of the camera with which it what do you use creme fraiche for intended to mount. If a lens is built for an APS-C size sensor, it will not line up correctly with a full-frame camera.
Our video on aspect ratios shows you how different ratios are used for presenting final cuts of projects, but your camera lens aspect ratio cannot be changed, as it is baked in the construction of the lens. As you noticed from the video above, your subject matter can help determine which aspect ratio is best for your project.
Greg and the guys over at LensProToGo did a great job of putting together a playlist of videos where they test lenses for you. The link provided will take you to EF mount versions, so if your camera uses a different mount you will want to find that version. They also are compatible with DSLR and mirrorless cameras popular in indie filmmaking, but you may need an adapter. Remember that understanding camera lenses is a combination of learning the technicals along with the storytelling techniques.
After learning about the effects of a good lens, it's time to learn about camera lens mounts. Create robust and customizable shot lists.
Upload images to make storyboards and slideshows. Previous Post. Next Post. A visual medium requires visual methods. Master the art of visual storytelling with our FREE video series on directing and filmmaking techniques. More and more people are flocking to the small screen to find daily entertainment.
So how how to use a thumb tip you break put from the pack and get your idea onto the small screen? Skip to content. Watch: Ultimate Guide to Camera Lenses.
Subscribe on YouTube. Table of Contents How to choose the perfect camera lenses. A camera lens is a serious investment. How does the electoral process work how do you actually choose the right cinema lens? Cine lens guide. There are technical considerations, as well as narrative. Where art meets craft.
So who makes the best camera lens? Are Canon camera lenses the best? What about Zeiss? What about Cookes or Rokinons? You may be able to rent them with the addition of some production insurance. How do you gauge the quality and technology of a camera lens?
Free downloadable bonus FREE Download Camera Lenses Explained Every type of camera lens has distinct qualities and visual characteristics that every image-maker should understand. The how to choose camera lens dslr throw is the amount of rotation you actually have to pull focus. Cinema lenses have a dramatically higher "throw" than still photo lenses. The more degrees available, the more accurate your focus pull.
Cine lenses vs photo lenses. Understanding camera lenses means that you know exactly how large the focus throw can be.
If you're curious how canon lenses are actually development, take a look at this:. Canon Lenses Lens Guide. The best camera lenses are built well but also often more expensive. What if the lens is too front-heavy to work with a gimbal?
A heavy lens may also make it harder to stabilize based on sheer weight. You can even build a custom how to choose camera lens dslr rig that you know will fit on your lens:. How to build a camera rig. This is also important when considering sensor size or film size.
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Dec 22, · Most DSLR kits come with a zoom lens—the most versatile club in the bag. My D60 was equipped with an 18–55 mm (similar zooms are available from other manufacturers). F inding the best camera lenses for your camera can vastly improve your images and overall production, but understanding camera lenses can be very time-consuming.. In this article, we explain photo and video camera lenses so that you can not only understand how your lens and camera work together but also which lens, or set of lenses, is the best option for you moving forward. Overall, choosing a lens doesn’t have to be a difficult experience. Simply think of what you will be using your camera for. Will it be for wildlife pictures, sports, portraits or close up photography? This can then help you choose the required lens.
Chances are, investing in a new lens will offer a bigger boost to image quality than upgrading your camera itself, although if you are in the market for a camera, check out our digital camera buying guide.
Even within brands, you need to match the lens to the camera. DSLRs and mirrorless cameras — particularly entry-level models — are often sold in kits, meaning they are typically supplied with a basic zoom lens, which may be something like an mm or mm depending on the brand and format of your camera. One common misconception about interchangeable-lens cameras is that they offer inherently better zoom capability than a compact camera.
In fact, the opposite is often true. An mm lens is only a 3x zoom, a far cry from even the most basic point-and-shoots and nowhere near the behemoth X zoom of the Nikon P Interchangeable lens cameras use much larger sensors that produce very high-quality images compared to compact models, but those large sensors require equivalently larger lenses.
This is why small cameras can have oodles of zoom, while larger cameras require multiple lenses to cover the same range. Zoom is also commonly confused with how close a lens can bring a subject. The zoom number, like 3x, only shows the range from the widest to narrowest angle of view for that lens.
Zoom is a good indicator of flexibility, then, but not how close you can get with that lens. For that, you need the focal length, like 50mm, mm, etc. If a lens has a single focal length number, e.
Focal length indirectly indicates the angle of view of a lens. A wide-angle lens may have a focal length of 18mm or 24mm, while a telephoto lens may be mm, mm, mm etc. Here are some various lens categories based on full-frame equivalent focal length again, see our explainer on crop factor for an understanding of different formats and how they relate to full-frame.
Wide-angle lenses are often used for landscapes or working in tight quarters, while telephotos are popular for wildlife and sports. Portrait lenses generally fall in the short telephoto range, from 50mm to mm, although they can be longer. While shooting portraits with a wide-angle lens can be done, such lenses tend to cause distortion. This is why your nose always looks bigger in smartphone selfies, since phones have wide-angle lenses.
That same distortion, however, can help emphasize distance, which is why wide-angle lenses are popular for sports like skateboarding. A typical macro lens will have a reproduction ratio of , which means if you photograph, say, a coin, the image of the coin projected by the lens onto the sensor will be the exact same size as the coin itself.
You can imagine, then, how much detail will be visible when you look at that image on your computer screen or make a large print. Other lenses are made to pick up where your kit lens leaves off, like a mm, and so on. Professional zoom lenses are quite good, but often offer less than 3x of zoom power and are considerably more expensive than kit zooms or prime lenses.
Prime lenses — or more specifically, fixed focal length lenses — offer just one field of view. Prime lenses are some of the best lenses you can get for the money, and in most cases offer better image quality and low light performance than their zoom counterparts.
In particular, this focal length is a popular recommendation for photographers looking to move beyond their kit lenses, thanks to the relatively low cost, fantastic image quality, and low light performance. There are also many specialty lenses that are more common in prime form, like macro and fisheye lenses. Portrait lenses and many super-telephoto lenses are also offered as primes.
Another reason to go with a prime is size. As you start searching for lenses, you may do several double-takes when you look at prices. With both primes and zooms, there are many factors that can make one lens of the same focal length more expensive than another, but the key difference is the aperture or how wide the lens can open. This is measured in f-stops, and in what seems counterintuitive, the lower the f-number, the more light you can capture.
The latter also uses higher-quality glass and construction, leading to the huge price difference. A prime lens with a large aperture often lets in two, three, four or more times the amount of light as a kit lens. Many mirrorless cameras have image stabilization built into the body to help eliminate camera shake. However, this feature is much rarer in DSLRs.
However, when working in low light at slow shutter speeds, shooting video in any conditions, or using a very long focal length, stabilization is very important. Stabilization is more common on zoom lenses, less so on primes where the wider apertures let you shoot faster shutter speeds. The best lens to add to your kit depends on what you want to shoot. Here are a few of our favorites:. The best part? Other great primes are 35mm, 85mm and mms, but they will be a bit more expensive.
Macro lenses come in many different focal lengths, but the most important is to look for that ratio to get real close to subjects.
If you want to capture subjects that are skittish — such as bugs — opt for a macro with a longer focal length. While lenses from the major camera manufacturers tend to be pretty good, some of our favorites were less expensive options from companies like Sigma and Tamron. For more information, you can peruse our various lens reviews. Best new shows Best new movies What we expect from Apple's event. Wide-angle to telephoto: What is focal length?
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